Architecture degrees are offered at all levels of higher education. Students can enroll in regular as well as online schools to pursue a degree in this field.
Architecture Programs. Basic Information. There are 1. 25 schools offering professional architecture degree programs in the United States and Canada. Out of necessity you will need to limit carefully the number of schools you wish to investigate. Since these programs look primarily to prepare students for potential careers in architecture, you should also consider issues of architectural licensure as well as many educational variables. Some of these issues are personal and others pertain to the schools you are considering.
We will begin here with the basic facts about licensure. Routes to Licensure. To begin with, you should understand the overall routes to becoming a registered architect. Regulation of the profession of architecture, including the licensing of practitioners, is a function of each US state/territory or Canadian province exercising its power to protect the health, safety, and welfare of the people. The entire path to licensure requires eight to ten years - five to seven years in school plus a three- year internship.
The internship years are spent as a salaried employee in an architectural or related practice working under the supervision of registered professionals. After you meet the internship requirements you will be required to pass a comprehensive examination. Once you fulfill the education, internship and examination requirements of a jurisdiction, you can become a "licensed" or "registered" architect. You should be aware that each state or jurisdiction registers architects by its own set of requirements.
The requirements are generally consistent from jurisdiction to jurisdiction, but there are variations. These variations should not be an influence in your selection of any architectural program.
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All jurisdictions have an education requirement which may be satisfied by earning a professional degree in architecture accredited by the National Architectural Accrediting Board (NAAB) in the United States or the Canadian Architectural Certification Board (CACB) in Canada. Many registration boards requiring a professional degree in architecture from an NAAB/CACB- accredited program also accept other education assessed as equivalent (e. Not all boards require a professional degree from an accredited program to satisfy their education requirements. Some boards require a pre- professional degree in architecture, while others require a bachelor's degree in any subject. The National Council of Architectural Registration Boards (NCARB) in the US and the Committee of Canadian Architectural Councils (CCAC) have established standards and criteria that most licensing boards have adopted as their standard for admission to licensing examinations. Satisfaction of these requirements facilitates initial and subsequent reciprocal licensure.
For the most up- to- date information regarding particular state requirements, contact NCARB or CCAC. In general, it is best to pursue your professional architectural education in the country in which you intend to practice and be registered.
However, in the past several years discussions regarding reciprocity between countries (such as essentially exists between the United States and Canada) have been promising and may lead to an easy transfer between countries in the near future. Accredited Degrees. The final issue to understand before you begin your selection process concerns the issue of an "accredited professional degree program." The NAAB and the CACB, the national architecture accrediting bodies in the United States and Canada respectively, determine whether schools of architecture meet certain minimum education criteria. It is worth emphasizing that schools of architecture are not accredited - only specific professional degree programs are accredited. Most schools offer only one or two accredited architectural degrees, but may have other related degree programs. For example, a school of architecture may offer a program in historic preservation or architectural engineering as well as the accredited professional architecture degree program. Much of the course work may be the same, but if you plan to pursue licensure, you may encounter registration difficulties later in your career unless the program in which you are enrolled is the NAAB- or CACB- accredited professional degree program.
Learn More About Earning Your Online Architecture Degree. Choose an Accredited Architecture Program and Start Working Towards a Degree Today! The College of Design's School of Architecture offers distinctive study opportunities, a strong academic and practicing faculty, and excellent facilities within the. Basic Information. There are 125 schools offering professional architecture degree programs in the United States and Canada. Out of necessity you will need to limit. Earn your degree in architecture through the Academy's online architecture degree program. Learn more about our online programs & apply today! The Master of Architecture (M.Arch.) is a professional degree in architecture, qualifying the graduate to move through the various stages of professional.
Having a degree that is accredited is important for meeting the educational qualifications necessary to take most states' architectural licensing examinations. The requirements vary from state to state and province to province, even from year to year, despite attempts by NCARB and CCAC to achieve uniformity.
For up- to- date requirements, check with your jurisdiction's registration board. Generally, the schools will know the advantages or disadvantages of their degree programs relative to the law in their state. Accreditation does not mean that all schools are the same.
Every program has its special features and unique philosophy. Some schools offer many options while others have a more defined program. A single school may offer several accredited professional degree programs- for example, it may offer both a five- year undergraduate degree for high school graduates, and a three- and- a- half- year graduate degree intended for people who already have a degree in another field. A professional degree program is accredited by the same standards whether it leads to a Bachelor of Architecture or a Master of Architecture degree.
A new school of architecture cannot have a program accredited by NAAB until its first professional class has graduated. If the program is then accredited, most state registration boards will consider the accreditation as retroactive for two years so that the first class can benefit from accreditation.
If you are considering a school that is not accredited, check with the registration boards in the jurisdictions in which you plan to practice about their rules. A few simple questions put to the schools you are considering will give you a very clear picture of their accreditation status. Suggested questions are listed at the end of this section. The basic information above applies to everyone pursuing a career as a registered architect. Now the selection process becomes a little more difficult because you must also consider personal variables.
For example, not all students studying architecture will become registered architects. Some may decide during their studies that they would rather be landscape architects or perhaps manage an architectural office rather than practice architecture in the traditional sense. The good part of considering these and other variables is that choosing a career in architecture is not just choosing a single track; many career options are available because schools of architecture celebrate and encourage diversity. Architecture Degrees. All degrees outside of the field of architecture are referred to as non- architecture degrees. This title generally describes degrees in fields such as philosophy, biology, engineering, and also undesignated Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Science degrees. These undesignated BA or BS degrees often provide opportunities for a major or minor in architectural studies or environmental design offered through a liberal studies program.
The proportion of architectural studies in the BA or BS major usually does not exceed 5. Architecture degrees fit into one of the four following categories: 1.
Pre- professional architecture degree. This term refers to architecturally- focused four- year degrees that are not professional degrees (and thus cannot be accredited).
These degrees have such titles as BS in Architecture, BS in Architectural Studies, BA in Architecture, Bachelor of Environmental Design, Bachelor of Architectural Studies, etc.; the amount of architecture work in the program varies and will determine the length of time required to complete further professional architecture studies. Professional architecture degree. A professional architecture degree is one that may be accredited by NAAB or CACB. Accredited degrees are required by most jurisdictions for licensure as an architect. These degrees are either the Bachelor of Architecture (B Arch) degree or the Master of Architecture (M Arch) degree, or Doctor of Architecture (DArch) degree. The Bachelor of Architecture normally requires at least five years to complete.
The Master of Architecture requires from one to five years to complete depending on the individual student's previous education. When the master's degree follows a four- year, pre- professional architecture degree, it represents the "two" in the term "four- plus- two" program, and is the final portion of the professional phase of the study program. The Doctor of Architecture requires three years to complete after a pre- professional degree, the "three" in the terms "four plus three" and is the final portion of the professional phase of the study program. Post- professional architecture degree. This is a graduate degree offered to students who already have a professional degree in architecture.
Such degree programs are not accredited by NAAB and CACB. The degrees may be in highly specialized areas of study such as design theory, health care facilities, preservation, interior design, solar design, etc. This type of degree can be either a master's degree or, in a few cases, a Ph. D or other doctorate. Non- professional graduate architecture degree. This title refers to graduate degrees in architecture offered to students who do not have a professional degree and wish to pursue non- professional graduate work in architecture.
These programs vary widely in duration and degree title. Paths To The Professional Degree. There are three usual paths to obtaining the professional degree in architecture: Obtaining a Bachelor of Architecture degree; Obtaining a pre- professional degree plus a professional Master of Architecture degree; the program commonly referred to as the "four- plus- two" route falls in this category; or.